Three more on the raw.
Dolmen prehistory. The word Dol-men originates from two Breton words meaning Stone – table. Dolmen are one of the most common megalithic structures around the world, and even though numerous were destroyed during the Christianisation of Europe, several thousand still remain today.
A dolmen, also known as a portal tomb, portal grave is a type of single-chamber megalithic tomb, usually consisting of three or more upright stones supporting a large flat horizontal capstone (table), although there are also more complex variants. Most date from the early Neolithic period (4000 to 3000 BC). Dolmens were usually covered with earth or smaller stones to form a barrow, though in many cases that covering has weathered away, leaving only the stone “skeleton” of the burial mound intact. It remains unclear when, why, and by whom the earliest dolmens were made.
Joan Miró i Ferrà (1893– 1983) was a Catalan painter, sculptor, and ceramicist. His work has been interpreted as Surrealism, a sandbox for the subconscious mind, a re-creation of the childlike, and a manifestation of Catalan pride. His early modernist works show the influence of Cèzanne, and fill the canvas with a colorful surface and a more painterly treatment than the hard-edge style of most of his later works. Starting in 1920, Miró developed a very precise style, picking out every element in isolation and detail and arranging them in deliberate composition. From the summer of 1923 Miró began a key set of paintings where abstracted pictorial signs, rather than the realistic representations are predominant. Through the mid-1920s Miró developed the pictorial sign language which would be central throughout the rest of his career. He developed his unique style: organic forms and flattened picture planes drawn with a sharp line. Generally thought of as a Surrealist because of his interest in automatism. Joan Miró was among the first artists to develop automatic drawing as a way to undo previous established techniques in painting, and represented the beginning of Surrealism as an art movement. However, Miró chose not to become an official member of the Surrealists in order to be free to experiment with other artistic styles. He pursued his own interests in the art world, ranging from automatic drawing and surrealism, to expressionism, Lyrical Abstraction, and Color Field painting. Miró created over 250 illustrated books. In the final decades of his life Miró accelerated his work in different media, producing hundreds of ceramics as well.
Hans Arp (1886–1966) was a German-French sculptor, painter, poet and abstract artist in other media such as torn and pasted paper. Arp was a founding member of the Dada movement in Zürich in 1916. However, in 1925 his work also appeared in the first exhibition of the surrealist group in Paris. In 1931, he broke with the Surrealist movement to found Abstraction-Crèation, working with the Paris-based group Abstraction-Création and the periodical, Transition. During the 1930s, the artist produced several small works made of multiple elements that the viewer could pick up, separate, and rearrange into new configurations. In the 1930′s, Arp began creating free-standing sculpture as well. Instead of the term abstract art, he and other artists, referred to their work as Concrete Art, stating that their aim was not to reproduce, but simply to produce more directly. Arp’s goal was to concentrate on form to increase the sculpture’s domination of space and its impact on the viewer.